Introduction of Waiting For GoDot
Waiting for Godot is a play written by an Irish writer, Samuel Beckett. It belongs to the genre of Tragicomedy. It was originally written in French as En attendant Godot and was translated in English by Beckett himself.
Waiting for Godot is the most famous work of the Beckett and also the first theatrical success of Absurdism. So as a part of theatre of Absurd it is meant to be irrational. The character’s dialogues, setting, plot ad themes are all dealing with absurdism.
The very title of the play “Waiting for Godot” depicts the central action which is waiting and waiting and waiting. The two main characters Vladimir and Estragon are constantly waiting for Godot throughout the play but the godot did not come. This act of waiting leads us to Nihilism. Beckett’s play deals with three main philosophies absurdism, nihilism and existentialism.
Summary and Analysis PDF
Waiting for Godot Act 1 Summary: The first act sets at a country road in the evening at unknown place where a single tree is present. Vladimir shows up and greets Estragon. Estragon tries to take off his boot and looks inside it while Vladimir performs the same action with his hat.
There are many waiting for godot act 1 questions and their answers. For example: Who are Vladimir and Estragon waiting for?
In order to pass time Vladimir talks about the two thieves who were crucified next to Christ. Estragon wants to leave but Vladimir insists him to stay because they both are waiting for godot.
Why does Estragon want to hang himself “immediately? Later they comes up with the idea of hanging themselves. Pozzo and lucky enters. Their relationship is like a master-slave relationship. Lucky’s neck is tied with a rope. Estragon confuses pozzo with Godot. Lucky is like a machine who obeys Pozzo. Pozzo orders Lucky to give him chicken from the basket. Pozzo after eating the chicken throws away bones for Lucky. Estragon then asks several questions to Lucky but Lucky remains silent.
In the waiting for godot PDF Book, Vladimir is shocked at the treatment of Lucky towards Pozzo. The conversation continues and the three men fights with Lucky. Lucky gets unconscious and they try to awaken Lucky. Lucky and Pozzo exits and the two men’s waiting for Godot resumes. A boy enters having been sent by Godot. The boys informs them that the Godot will arrive tomorrow which enrages Estragon. Both Estragon and Vladimir decided to depart for night but none of them moves.
Act 2 Summary and Analysis
Act 2 starts from the next day at the same time. The boots and hat are still on the stage. Estragon is sad while Vladimir is happy and is singing. Again they are waiting for Godot.
In Waiting for Godot book PDF Act 2, the Blunder head, Estragon forgets everything that happened the day before. Vladimir and Estragon are done talking and are finding new topic for discussion. Pozzo and Lucky enters but this time they are suffering.
When we have done waiting for godot analysis, Pozzo is blind while Lucky is mute. When Lucky sees the two men he stops. As a result both Pozzo and Lucky falls on ground. Vladimir don’t want to pick Pozzo up because he knows that he and Estragon will left alone again. Estragon wants to leave but then stays there as Vladimir convinces him to help. The two men fall while trying to pick up Pozzo. Pozzo calls for help and Vladimir kicks him. Pozzo keeps calling for help. They help him. Blind Pozzo inquires about the time and their identity. Estragon goes to pick up Lucky but get himself kicked by Lucky.
Waiting for Godot Character Analysis PDF
The story revolves around the two major characters Vladimir and Estragon. The other three characters are Lucky, Pozzo and a boy.
The theme of Absurdity in Waiting for Godot
Absurdity is one of the prevalent themes in Waiting for Godot. As we can see absurdity and irrationality in character’s actions, their language, repetition and endless waiting for a man (maybe) named Godot. The characters try to kill time. They speak up of the actions but find themselves unable to perform those actions.
The lifestyle of Waiting For Godot PDF: The lifestyle which “Waiting for Godot” is portraying is driven by lack of truth. So uncertainty is also a theme in this play. It is stationery, meaningless and repetitive eventually entails suffering. The relationship between characters is bound to the notion of isolation. The fear of loneliness compels them to be together. Isolation is the central tension of the play.
The characters are living in kind of prison. Their existence is like a prison for them because passiveness rules over them. All these things makes up the theme of suffering which is the fundamental part of the play and it is constant. Beckett has shown endless suffering (both physical and mental) through his characters. We can see physical suffering through Pozzo and Lucky and mental suffering through Vladimir and Estragon.
Vladimir even thinks of hanging themselves as the only way to escape the suffering is death. The idea of suicide by Vladimir and Estragon shows that they don’t have fear of death rather they think of it as a solution.
Waiting for Godot Analysis and PDF Download Free
The tone of the play is comic and bleak. Absurdity plays an important role in developing the tone of the play. It is the absurdity of the play which creates a comic effect. Actually absurdism and humor are really connected here and that is why it is called Tragicomedy. The repetitions in language helped Beckett to overcome the difficulty of keeping a dialogue running. Estragon is a blunder head who always forgets what he said earlier. Vladimir on the other hand, possess a good memory but he distrusts his memory.
Final Thoughts on Samuel Beckett Waiting for Godot PDF
Vladimir and Estragon characters are victims of forgetfulness. This is also a reason of their companionship because Estragon needs Vladimir to remind him of the past actions and Estragon serves as a reminder for Vladimir (Thus, dealing with the philosophy of existentialism).